Motherboards are produced in a variety of sizes and shapes called computer form factor , some of which are specific to individual computer manufacturers. From high current capable digital power delivery, performance-enhancing caching technologies, exclusive high-end audio features, advanced networking and device charging, gold plated hardware connectors and of course, killer good looks, GIGABYTE 8 series motherboards are in a class of their own. When power is first supplied to the motherboard, the BIOS firmware tests and configures memory, circuitry, and peripherals. This is one of the reasons that laptop computers are difficult to upgrade and expensive to repair. Similarly, the term mainboard is applied to devices with a single board and no additional expansions or capability, such as controlling boards in laser printers, televisions, washing machines and other embedded systems with limited expansion abilities. Usually intended for building new computers compatible with the exemplars, many motherboards offered additional performance or other features and were used to upgrade the manufacturer’s original equipment.
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Archived from the original on 21 June These allow 2 to 4 graphics cards to be linked together, to allow better performance in intensive graphical computing tasks, such as gaming, video editing, etc.
An important component of a motherboard is the microprocessor’s supporting chipsetwhich provides the supporting bigabyte between the CPU and the various buses and external components. Archived from the original on 27 April Unlike a backplane, it also contains the central processing unit and hosts other subsystems and devices.
Most motherboards have connectors for additional case fans and integrated temperature sensors to detect motherboard and CPU temperatures and controllable fan connectors which the BIOS or operating system can use to regulate fan speed.
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However, many manufacturers deliver substandard capacitors,  which significantly reduce life expectancy. In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikiversity. Each LAN and USB port is paired with a dedicated protection filter that can withstand high electrostatic discharges, protecting your system from common electrical surges and even direct lighting strikes. The most popular computers of the s such as the Apple II and IBM PC had published schematic diagrams and other documentation which permitted rapid reverse-engineering and third-party replacement motherboards.
Leaking Capacitors Muck up Motherboards”. Views Read Edit View history. Articles containing potentially dated statements from All articles containing potentially dated statements Commons category link is on Wikidata Articles with Curlie links.
Other components such as external storagecontrollers for video display and soundand peripheral devices may be attached to the motherboard as plug-in cards or via cables; in modern microcomputers it is increasingly common to integrate some gigabytte these peripherals into the motherboard itself.
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Motherboards are generally air cooled with heat sinks often mounted on larger chips, such as the Northbridgein modern motherboards. It is a special type of integrated circuit socket designed for very high pin counts. By the late s, many personal computer motherboards included consumer grade embedded audio, video, storage, and networking functions without the need for any expansion cards at all; higher-end systems for 3D gaming and computer graphics typically retained only the graphics card as a separate component.
DVI Support DVI Digital Visual Interface is a video interface standard designed for carrying uncompressed digital video data and to maximize the visual quality of digital display devices, such as LCD monitors, digital projectors, and so on. This can lead to loss of capacitance and subsequent motherboard malfunctions due to voltage instabilities.
This typically requires the use of a low-power CPU, as well as careful layout of the motherboard and other components to allow for heat sink placement. By combining many functions on one PCBthe physical size and total cost of the system may be reduced; highly integrated motherboards are thus especially popular in small form factor and budget computers.
Comparison of computer form factors. Laptop computers generally use highly integrated, miniaturized and customized motherboards. CPU sockets on the motherboard can most often be found in most desktop and server computers laptops typically use surface mount CPUsparticularly those based on the Intel x86 architecture.
Motherboards are produced in a variety of sizes and shapes called computer form anajartsome of which are specific to individual computer manufacturers. Inadequate case cooling and elevated temperatures around the CPU socket exacerbate this problem.
This chipset determines, to an extent, the features and capabilities gigbyte the motherboard. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. LAN Optimizer – Intelligent optimization network management tool GIGABYTE LAN Optimizer is designed to allow the user to manage different types of network traffic so that data streams such as HD media, web browsing or online gaming can be prioritized, taking precedence over large data downloads that tend to strangle overall network bandwidth.
Memory, processors, network controllers, power source, and storage would be integrated into some systems.
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Prior to the invention of the microprocessora digital computer consisted of multiple printed circuit boards in a card-cage case with components connected by a backplanea set of interconnected sockets. Gigabytee rates of motherboard failures in China giabyte India appear to be due to ” sulfurous air pollution produced by coal ” burned to generate electricity.
A motherboard provides the electrical connections by which the other components of the system communicate.